Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty Are Proving To Be Excellent In the Treatment of Bone Cavity
Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty are non-surgical and minimally invasive treatment procedures to diagnose vertebral compression fractures (VCF). They are used to stop the pain caused by the bone fracture and try to restore the height and angle of kyphosis of a fractured vertebra, followed by its stabilization using injection bone filler material. The fractured vertebra causes pain, and the usual rectangular shape of the bone becomes compressed and distorted.
As the treatment uses minimally invasive technique procedure, so it can be performed under local anesthesia. In kyphoplasty, doctor advances a thin tube into the fractured vertebra from an incision in the back. Through the tube physician provides a pathway to insert a special balloon into the interior of the vertebra. This balloon pushes apart the caps of the fractured vertebra to restore its original shape as much as possible. When balloon is removed, it leaves a cavity where physician can fill up bone cement.
Under vertebroplasty method, the image guidance is used to inject bone cement mixture through a hollow needle into the cavity. Typically this treatment is recommended after the simple treatments are ineffective or they cause other problems. It is also performed on the patients who are too frail to tolerate open surgery, and their bones are weak for the spinal repair. Those younger people who have osteoporosis caused by long-term steroid treatment can take this treatment too. Vertebroplasty is also useful for those who have vertebral damage due to malignant tumors. Usually the entire procedure takes 1 to 2 hours for the treatment and patient can easily recover the damage in short time.