Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Overview and Applications

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)/ Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging (NMRI) primarily refer to a medical imaging technique utilized for thorough visualization of internal structure as well as restricted function of body. The technology is particularly utilized in oncological/cancer, musculoskeletal and cardiovascular imaging. An effective magnetic field is utilized for aligning the nuclear magnetization of hydrogen atoms which are present in water within the human body. Moreover, the use of radio frequency fields enables systematic alteration in magnetization. Additionally, the signals produced could be manipulated using other magnetic fields for building up sufficient information. The information is utilized for construction of image of body.

MR Imaging is utilized for assessing the condition of:

  • Organs of abdomen and chest, which includes the liver, kidney, pancreas, heart, spleen, biliary tract as well as adrenal glands.
  • Blood vessels.
  • Breasts
  • Pelvic organs, which incorporates male reproductive organs (testicles and prostate) as well as female reproductive organs (ovaries, uterus and cervix).

Physicians utilize MR examination for diagnosis or monitoring treatment of conditions including:

  • Tumors of pelvis, abdomen or chest.
  • Some specific heart problems.
  • Enlargement or blockage of the blood vessels, which includes renal arteries, aorta as well as arteries present in legs.
  • Diseases of liver as well as other abdominal organs.
  • Tumors as well as other malfunctions of reproductive organs.
  • Breast cancer as well as implants.

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