Diagnostic Radiology: A Physician’s Aid

Diagnostic radiology, a branch of radiology involves creation of images of organs as well as other structures present within the human body. Ultrasonographic devices, radionuclides, radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation as well as X-rays tubes emitting radiations are incorporated in diagnostic radiology techniques.
Normally, the diagnostic radiology techniques are non-invasive, implying any equipment is not introduced in the human body. Moreover, any opening or cut is not required for imaging. But, certain specific procedures involve a combination of minimally invasive procedures and diagnostic radiology techniques for diagnosis as well as treatment of the condition. Additionally, diagnostic radiology is frequently utilized for providing assistance in a minimally invasive surgery.

Some diagnostic radiology procedures are:

a)    Fluoroscopy
b)    Arteriogram (Angiogram)
c)    Computed Tomography (CAT/CT) Scan
d)    Barium X-ray (Lower and Upper GI)
e)    Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP).
f)     Ultrasound
g)    Mammogram
h)    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
i)     Ultrafast CT (Computed Tomography) Scan.
j)     Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
k)    Nuclear Medicine

Various diagnostic procedures and scans are performed in the field of nuclear medicine. The scans are utilized for diagnosis, management as well as treatment of diseases and medical disorders.

The improvements made in diagnostic radiology have facilitated physicians in viewing extremely accurate images of soft tissues and bones present within the body of a patient. This has enabled greater accuracy in diagnosis as well as treatment of a wide variety of diseases.

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