Cardiac CT For Calcium Scoring To Gather Information About The Coronary Arteries

Computed tomography scanning is a non-invasive medical test that combines special x-ray equipment with sophisticated computers to produce multiple images of the internal organs of the body.

Cardiac CT for Calcium Scoring gives information about the coronary arteries. The coronary arteries are the vessels that supply oxygen-containing blood to the heart muscle. Using this test, the doctors are able to gather information about the presence, location and extent of calcified plaque in these arteries. Under the inner layer of the artery, if there is accumulation of fat, then it results in calcified plaque. This gives an indication of the presence of atherosclerosis, also called coronary artery disease (CAD). People with CAD, are prone to heart attacks. If the plaque build up continues, the arteries get narrowed and block blood flow to the heart. This may cause heart attack.

To determine the presence of coronary artery disease, computed tomography scanning is Recommended.  

Given Below Are Some Of The Major Risk Factors For CAD:

  • Abnormally high blood cholesterol levels
  • A family history of heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Being physically inactive
There are some benefits of using this test. Cardiac CT for calcium scoring is a convenient, painless and noninvasive way of evaluating the risk for a heart attack. This test does not require injection of contrast material. There is no radiation in a patient's body after the examination. Moreover, the x-rays used in CT scans have no side effects.

However, there are some limitations. If the heart rate is 90 beats per minute or more, the test needs to be rescheduled. Even after knowing the calcium score, it is difficult to decide upon the exact treatment to prevent heart attack.

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